План – конспект урока по английскому языку в 7 «А» классе
Тема - «Путешествие по англоязычным странам»
Тип урока: комбинированный.
1. Расширение кругозора учащихся.
2. Развитие творческих способностей учащихся, формирование готовности к коммуникации, мотивации к изучению английского языка
1.Активизировать употребление лексико-грамматических структур;
2.Формировать компетенцию речевого высказывания;
3.Проконтролировать и закрепить лексику по теме "Путешествие по англоязычным странам".
1. Организационный момент
Good morning, children! Sit down,please. The theme of our lesson today is:«English Speaking Countries».
You know that English is spoken is many countries. At the moment it is internationally recognized by the word community as one of the most used language.
2. Фронтальный опрос учащихся
1) In what countries English is spoken as the first language?
2)What do you think why do so many people learn English?
3) What about you? Why do you study English?
3. Практика устной речи
Well, you*ve told that you want to go to an English speaking country as a tourist and today we*ll make a trip to the English speaking countries.
Кабинет оформлен как салон самолета.
We start from Moscow on board the plane TU 124. Now listen to the advertisement of our stewardess.
Две стюардессы объявляют начало полета.
Ladies and gentlemen, welcome onboard Flight 4B7 with service from Moscow the .English speaking countries. Fasten your seatbelts please and turn off all personal electronic devices including laptops and cell phones. Smoking is prohibited for the duration of the flight. Soon you will be offered a light snack and drink. ThankyouforchoosingAeroflotAirlines.
Затем «пассажиры и члены экипажа» совершают полет, делая остановки в столицах англоязычных государств.
Our first stop is in London.
You've come to London to begin your exciting Round-the-World Tour. We'll be visiting six English speaking countries: Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and India. We are going to visit four different continents: Europe, Asia, North America and Australia. During our exciting and unusual tour we are going to see the sights of the countries and get to know their peoples, improve our English and make new friends.
Один из учащихся рассказывает о Великобритании, идет показ слайдов с видами Соединенного Королевства.
Другой учащийся показывает и рассказывает о Лондоне.
Следующая остановка – Вашингтон.
Таким образом, учащиеся за 20 минут «пролетают» над США, Новой Зеландией, Австралией, Канадой.
Во время полета пассажирам предлагаются напитки и пирожные.
Затем пассажиры «возвращаются» в Москву.
We*ve arrived to Moscow at last. We can hear our native language the Russian language.
We should be proud that we speak Russian, the language of Gogol,Tolstoy,Pushkin.
Учащаяся читает наизусть стихотворение А.С.Пушкина
Snow, frost and sunshine... Lovely morning!
Yet you, dear love, its magic scorning,
Are still abed... Awake, my sweet!..
Cast sleep away, I beg, and, rising,
Yourself a northern star, the blazing
Aurora, northern beauty, meet.
A mellow glow like that of amber
Illumes the room..."Lis good to linger
Beside the gaily crackling stove,
And think and dream... But let our honest
Brown mare without delay be harnessed
That we may take a sledge ride, love.
We'll give free rein to her, and lightly,
The snow of morning gleaming brightly,
Skim over it, and, full of glee,
Cross empty fields and empty meadows,
A once green wood with trees like shadows,
A stream and bank long dear to me.
(Translated by Irina Zheleznova)
4.Подведение итогов, оценки, домашнее задание
1. М.З. Биболетова, Н.В.Добрынина, Н.Н.Трубанева «Enjoy English-4»: Учебник англ. яз.для 7кл. общеобраз. учрежд.- Обнинск: Титул, 2009г.
2. Аудиокассета к УМК «Enjoy English-4»
3. Ресурсы интернета (видеоматериал, презентации)
Ever since 1886, when her great torch was lifted into place 305 feet above Liberty Island in New York Harbor, the colossal statue of "Liberty Enlightening the World" has symbolized America for millions of eager newcomers. Many wept as they neared the American shore, recalling all they had left behind and apprehensive about what they might find in the new land. But with their first glimpse of the statue, one Italian immigrant recalled, they were "steadied ... by the concreteness of the symbol of America's freedom, and they dried their tears".
The statue was the work of Alsatian sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and was intended to commemorate both a century of amity between France and the United States and the concept of political freedom shared by the two nations.
The book that Liberty holds in her left hand symbolizes the Declaration of Independence. The main figure is attached to an iron framework designed by Gustave Eiffel, builder of France's Eiffel Tower. The statue was paid for by French contributors; American schoolchildren participated in a nationwide drive to raise funds for the pedestal. On a tablet within are inscribed the last five lines of a sonnet, "The New Colossus", by Emma Lazarus, herself an immigrant:
Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!
THE WHITE HOUSE
The White House, the official residence of the President, stands in tree-shaded grounds (18 acres) on the south side of Pennsylvania Avenue. The main building has 6 floors, with the East Terrace leading to the East Wing, a 3-story building used for offices and as an entrance for official events. The West Terrace contains offices and leads to the Executive Office.
The White House was designed by James Hoban, an Irish-born architect. President Washington chose the site which was included in the plan of the Federal City prepared by Major Pierre L'Enfant.
The cornerstone of the Executive Mansion, as it was originally known, was laid on October 13, 1792, 300 years after the landing of Columbus. President Washington was not present and never lived in the house. It was John Adams, the second President (1797-1801), who arrived in the new Capital City to take up his residence in the White House. On his second evening in its damp, unfinished rooms, he wrote to his wife, "Before I end my letter, I pray Heaven to bestow the best of Blessings on this House and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise Men ever rule under this roof.
The President's home was the earliest of all government buildings in the District of Columbia. Compared to the huge, glittering palaces used by European and Asian rulers at the time it was built, the White House is a simple, almost unpretentious dwelling place.
On August 24, 1814, during Madison's administration (1809— 1817), the British troops entered Washington and set fire to the White House. By December 1817, James Hoban had completed rebuilding the Executive Mansion, and President Monroe (1817— 1825) moved in.
The British were indirectly responsible for the name "White House". Since the marks of the fire were clearly seen on the sandstone walls, they had to be obliterated by being painted white. But the house remained the "Executive Mansion" until the administration of Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909), when the words "White House" appeared and the term became official.
In 1947 President Truman (1945-1953) had a second-floor porch built into the south portico. In 1948 he asked Congress to authorize complete rebuilding because the White House was unsafe.
Reconstruction cost $5,761,000. The interior was completely removed. New underpinning 24 feet deep was placed under the outside walls and steel frame was built to support the interior. All original trim and metal work were preserved.
The surface of England and Ireland is flat, but the surface of Scotland and Wales is mountainous. The mountains are almost all in the western part. The highest mountain in the United Kingdom is Ben Nevis in Scotland (1343 m). The longest river is the Severn. It is in the south-west of England. The Thames is not so long as the Severn, it is shorter. The sea enters deeply into the land and has a great influence on the climate, which is damp but rather mild: the winter is not very cold and the summer is not very hot. Over 57 million people live in the United Kingdom. Most of the people of Great Britain live in big towns and cities.
The capital of the country is London. The main industrial centres are Sheffield and Birmingham where iron goods are made, Manchester, the cotton centre of England, and others.
The important ports of the country are London, Liverpool, Glasgow and others.
London is the capital of England, the capital of Great Britain, and the capital of the United Kingdom. It is the largest town in Europe and one of the oldest towns in the world. The old Celts gave it its name, the Romans! made it the centre of their new colony, the Germanic invaders tried to burn and to destroy it, the victorious Normans made it the capital of the country.
The central part of London is full of historical remains. Nearly every building, every bridge, every street, palace, house, and stone — each of them has its own story, its own past. In London past and present are so mixed together that they cannot easily be separated and when you are in London you see the past in the present and the present in the past.
The oldest part of London is called the City. In the City the streets and pavements are very narrow and the traffic is very heavy on weekdays. That is because the most important London firms and banks have offices there. But at weekends the City is almost dead.
The most fashionable and the most expensive part to live in is the West End. It is situated between the City and Hyde Park. The City and the West End are the heart of London; they are the parts which everybody who comes to London must see and wants to see, because they are more interesting than any other part of London. All the most interesting buildings, shops and offices are situated here.
The Tower of London, the Bank of England, the Mansion House where the Lord Mayor lives, the Law Courts, and many interesting old churches are situated in the City. The Houses of Parliament with Big Ben, Westminster Abbey, the National Gallery and many theatres and good shops are in the West End. London has many bridges over the Thames, more than twenty but the most interesting of them all is the Tower Bridge situated near the Tower of London.
The Tower of London is an old castle, with high walls, high towers, small windows and large gardens. Once it was a royal residence, a strong fortress and a state prison. Here many important people, among them two wives of Henry VIII, were imprisoned and beheaded.
One of the oldest and the most famous places of London is St. Paul's Cathedral. It has been destroyed and rebuilt several times since the original construction in the 7th century. It stands in the centre of the so-called Little Britain. A large part of Little Britain was destroyed during the war: the houses that were close to the Cathedral's walls disappeared and for the first time in centuries St. Paul's Cathedral's beauty can be seen.
Canberra is Australia’s federal capital. Established as part of Australia’s federation, Canberra houses the national parliament, federal government departments, the High Court of Australia, the Australian War Memorial, and several other important institutions.
Canberra is comprised of five large «town centres» that lie in the valleys of the Canberra region. These are Central Canberra, Belconnen, Woden, Tuggeranong and Queanbeyan (actually in New South Wales). For tourists, Central Canberra is the only major area of interest, but the presence of the other centres will explain why the size of Canberra’s population seems so out of proportion with its low-built appearance.
Canberra is very different from most Australian capital cities. Firstly, it is relatively young (it was established in 1927), and secondly, its planned development has excluded the presence of buildings on any surrounding hilltops, or that are over fifteen stories high. Thus visitors may be slightly under-awed by Canberra, but don’t just turn around. Explore the sites and you will realize that Canberra is a far more pleasant place than it is usually given credit for.
There are more than 30 Australian artistic and cultural institutions in Canberra, ranging from the Australian War Memorial to Parliament House, surmounted by a colossal stainless steel flagpole and set in 23 hectares of gardens.
The city has wide open spaces and many parks and gardens, with the impressive architecture housing the national institutions set in astonishingly well-groomed surroundings, so that you can pad barefoot through the grass from the National Gallery to the National Library, peacefully admiring the gum-trees.
It’s also fun to note that the ’mall’ running between the War Memorial and Parliament looks familiar. This is because much of Canberra was designed by a US Architect and the mall in Canberra is reminiscent of the mil in Washington, D. C., specifically the reflecting pool between the Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial.
Canberra is also known for its spring festival, Floriade, when the parks and gardens surrounding Lake Burley Griffin explode with colourful displays of massed tulips and other blooms. The city, with its many parklands, is especially beautiful in spring and autumn.